Arabic Language, Literature & Culture

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Conflicting Evidence in the Interpretation of Linguistic Directives - Analytical Descriptive Study

Received: 25 October 2023    Accepted: 15 November 2023    Published: 5 December 2023
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Abstract

The research is aimed to describe the phenomenon of conflicting linguistic evidence in the interpretation of directing linguistic issues and provide an explanation for the reasons for their existence in linguistic studies. The research has followed the descriptive analytical approach by looking at the books of linguists and how they employ the guides, and the description of the weighting mechanism between the conflicting evidence, and the analysis of those manifestations, to try to explain this phenomenon and reveal the factors affecting it this paper has come to several conclusions, the most important of which is that the conflict between linguistic evidence is the outcome of the difference in the exploration of the two dimensions of the original and classification of linguistic evidence. The linguistic evidence in which the conflict occurs can be limited to three sections, namely: evidence of linguistic origins, exploration of linguistic guidance, and evidence of linguistic provisions, and that any evidence is used as a restriction to adjust the provisions in matters. The research also found that the most prominent reasons for the existence of the phenomenon of conflicting linguistic evidence revolve around several factors, the most important of which are: The difference between theory and practice considering the incomplete induction on which the rules are based, the difference between dialects and its impact on employing conflicting linguistic evidence to explain these differences, in addition to the multiplicity of Quranic readings and their impact on employing conflicting linguistic evidence to explain these differences. In addition, linguistic dictionaries contributed to the emergence of contradictory evidence by combining the statements of different linguists in the same issue.

DOI 10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12
Published in Arabic Language, Literature & Culture (Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2023)
Page(s) 36-42
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Linguistic Evidence, Conflict of Evidence, Linguistic Guidance, Linguistic Origins, Linguistic Provisions

References
[1] Ibn Jinni, Abu al-Fath 'Uthman (1952).”Al-Khasais”. Investigated by Muhammad 'Ali al-Najjar, Al-Maktaba Al-Ilmiyya, (1/190).
[2] Ibn Al-Anbari. “Al-Ighurab fi Jadal al-I'raab” Wa'-Luma Al-Adilla fi Usul al-Nahw, (p. 141).
[3] Ibn Manzur Muhammad Ibn Makram. (1994).” Lisan Al-Arab”. Dar Sadir. Beirut, (15/195).
[4] Ibn Manzur Muhammad Ibn Makram. (1994).” Lisan al-Arab”. Dar Sadir. Beirut, (14/11).
[5] See: Fundamentals of Grammar (1). Al-Madinah International University. Al-Madinah International University Curricula. (p.53). See: Bilal Sami Al-Fuqaha'. (2014). The Linguistic Proof Betweeb Acceptance and Response in Ibn Hisham Al-Ansari's book: Moghni Al-Labib, unpublished doctoral thesis, Mu’tah University, Jordan, (pp. 50-53).
[6] See: Ibn Jinni, Abu al-Fath 'Uthman (1952). “Al-Khasais”. edited by Muhammad Ali al-Najjar, Al-Maktaba Al-Ilmiyya, (1/119).
[7] Al-Suyuti, Abd al-Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr (1989). Al-Iqtirah Fi Usul Al-Nahw Wa Jadalih Investigated by Mahmoud Fajal, Dar Al-Qalam, Damascus, (p. 356).
[8] Al-Suyuti, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr (1989).” Al-Iqtirah Fi Usul Al-Nahw Wa Jadalih”. Investigated by Mahmoud Fajjal. Dar al-Qalam. Damascus (p. 160).
[9] Al-Astrabadi, Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan (1975). “Sharh Shafiyat Ibn Al-Hajib”. Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya. Beirut, Lebanon. (1/254).
[10] See: Al-Mubarrid, Mohamed Ibn Yazid, Al-Muqtadab. Investigated by Mohamed 'Abd Al-Khaliq 'Athimah, 'Alam Al-Kutub. Beirut. (2/98).
[11] “The poetic verse is on Al bahr Attaweel”. Diwan Tarfa Ibn Al-Abd (2002). Mahdi Mohamed Nasir Al-Din. Dar al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya. Beirut. Lebanon, (p. 25).
[12] See: Abu al-Barakat Al-Anbari, 'Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Mohamed (2003). “Al-Insaaf Fi Masail Al-Khilaf Bayna AL-Nahwiyin Al-Basiriyin Wa Al-Kufiyin”. Investigated by Mohamed Muhyi Al-Din 'Abd Al-Hamid, Al-Maktaba Al-Asriya. (2/456).
[13] See: Al-Suyuti, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr (1989).” Al-Iqtirah Fi Usul Al-Nahw Wa Jadalih”. Investigated by Mahmoud Fajjal. Dar al-Qalam. Damascus, (pp. 385-386).
[14] Al-Afghani, Saeed bin Mohamed bin Ahmed. “Min Tarikh Al-Nahw”. Al-Falah Library. (p. 65).
[15] Al-Afghani, Saeed bin Mohamed bin Ahmed. “Min Tarikh Al-Nahw”. Al-Falah Library. (p. 71).
[16] See: Al-Azhari, Khalid bin Abdullah (2000). “Sharh Al-Ta'sirh 'Ala Al-Tawdhih”. Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya. Beirut. Lebanon, (12/195). And See farther reading: Georgios Babiniotis. Towards a Linguistic Theory of Specification Based on a Verb Grammar. International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 10, No. 3, 2022, pp. 176-180. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20221003.11.
[17] Al-Azhari, Khalid bin Abdullah (2000). “Sharh Al-Ta'sirh 'Ala Al-Tawdhih”. Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya. Beirut. Lebanon, (1/396).
[18] See: Al-Azhari, Khalid bin Abdullah (2000). “Sharh Al-Ta'sirh 'Ala Al-Tawdhih”. Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya. Beirut. Lebanon, (1/396).
[19] See: Hasan, Abbas. “Al-Nahw Al-Wafi”. Dar Al-Maarif, (3/215).
[20] See: Okelan, Abdul Kareem. (2018). “The Obligatory Provisions in the Nominatives: a study in the Grammatical thinking among Arab”. Dar Jalees Al-Zaman for Publishing and Distribution. Amman. Jordan. pp. (17-19).
[21] See: Al-Suyuti, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr (1989).” Al-Iqtirah Fi Usul Al-Nahw Wa Jadalih”. Investigated by Mahmoud Fajjal. Dar al-Qalam. Damascus, (p. 47).
[22] The poetic verse is on Al bahr Attaweel. Diwan Kuthayir Azza. (1971). Compiled and explained by Ihsan Abbas. Dar Al-Thaqafa, Beirut, Lebanon, (p. 506).
[23] See: Usul Al-Nahw (2). Al-Madinah International University, Al-Madinah International University Curricula. (p. 283).
[24] Al-Suyuti, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr (1989).” Al-Iqtirah Fi Usul Al-Nahw Wa Jadalih”. Investigated by Mahmoud Fajjal. Dar al-Qalam. Damascus. (p. 63. p 163).
[25] Ibn Jinni, Abu Al-Fath Uthman. "Al-Luma' fi Al-Arabiyya,". Investigated by Fa'iz Faris. Dar Al-Kutub Al-Thaqafiyya. Kuwait. (p. 40).
[26] See: Ibn Al-Sarraj, Abu Bakr Mohamed Ibn Al-Sirri. "Al-Usul Fi Al-Nahw". Investigated by Abdul Hussein Al-Fatli, Dar Al-Risalah. Beirut. Lebanon. (1/92).
[27] See: Muhaisin, Mohamed Mohamed, (1984). "Al-Qira'at Wa Atharuha Fi 'Ulum Al-Arabiyya" Maktabat Al-Kulliyat Al-Azhariyah. Cairo. (2/34).
[28] See: Makram Abd Al-Aal Salim. (1978). "Athar Al-Qira'at Al-Qur'aniyya Fi Al-Dirasat Al-Nahwiyya" Mu'assasat Ali Jarrah Al-Sabah. Kuwait. (p 87).
[29] Ibn Zanjala, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Mohamed "Hujjat Al-Qira'at”. Investigated by Saeed Al-Afghani. Dar Al-Risalah. (P 414).
[30] See: Ahmed Omar Mukhtar, (2003). "Al-Bahth Al-Lughawi 'Ind Al-Arab". Alam Al-Kutub, (p 79).
[31] Ibn Manzur, Mohamed Ibn Makram, (1994). "Lisan Al-Arab”. Dar Sadir. Beirut. (3/272).
[32] Al-Akhfash Al-Awsat, Abu Al-Hasan Al-Mujashiei. (1990). "Ma'ani Al-Qur'an". Investigated by Huda Mahmoud Qara'a, Maktabat Al-Khaanji, Cairo, (2/461).
[33] See: Ibn Manzur, Mohamed Ibn Makram. (1994). "Lisan Al-Arab," Dar Sadir. Beirut. (3/272).
[34] See for farther reading: Delmadji Abdelkader. Phonological Manifestations Resulting of the Phenomenon of Waqf in the Recitation of the Qur'an. Arabic Language, Literature & Culture. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2022, (pp. 11-15). doi: 10.11648/j.allc.20220703.11.
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  • APA Style

    Okelan, A. A. A. (2023). Conflicting Evidence in the Interpretation of Linguistic Directives - Analytical Descriptive Study. Arabic Language, Literature & Culture, 8(3), 36-42. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12

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    ACS Style

    Okelan, A. A. A. Conflicting Evidence in the Interpretation of Linguistic Directives - Analytical Descriptive Study. Arab. Lang. Lit. Cult. 2023, 8(3), 36-42. doi: 10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12

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    AMA Style

    Okelan AAA. Conflicting Evidence in the Interpretation of Linguistic Directives - Analytical Descriptive Study. Arab Lang Lit Cult. 2023;8(3):36-42. doi: 10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12,
      author = {Abdulkareem Abdulqader Abdullah Okelan},
      title = {Conflicting Evidence in the Interpretation of Linguistic Directives - Analytical Descriptive Study},
      journal = {Arabic Language, Literature & Culture},
      volume = {8},
      number = {3},
      pages = {36-42},
      doi = {10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.allc.20230803.12},
      abstract = {The research is aimed to describe the phenomenon of conflicting linguistic evidence in the interpretation of directing linguistic issues and provide an explanation for the reasons for their existence in linguistic studies. The research has followed the descriptive analytical approach by looking at the books of linguists and how they employ the guides, and the description of the weighting mechanism between the conflicting evidence, and the analysis of those manifestations, to try to explain this phenomenon and reveal the factors affecting it this paper has come to several conclusions, the most important of which is that the conflict between linguistic evidence is the outcome of the difference in the exploration of the two dimensions of the original and classification of linguistic evidence. The linguistic evidence in which the conflict occurs can be limited to three sections, namely: evidence of linguistic origins, exploration of linguistic guidance, and evidence of linguistic provisions, and that any evidence is used as a restriction to adjust the provisions in matters. The research also found that the most prominent reasons for the existence of the phenomenon of conflicting linguistic evidence revolve around several factors, the most important of which are: The difference between theory and practice considering the incomplete induction on which the rules are based, the difference between dialects and its impact on employing conflicting linguistic evidence to explain these differences, in addition to the multiplicity of Quranic readings and their impact on employing conflicting linguistic evidence to explain these differences. In addition, linguistic dictionaries contributed to the emergence of contradictory evidence by combining the statements of different linguists in the same issue.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
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    AU  - Abdulkareem Abdulqader Abdullah Okelan
    Y1  - 2023/12/05
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    T2  - Arabic Language, Literature & Culture
    JF  - Arabic Language, Literature & Culture
    JO  - Arabic Language, Literature & Culture
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    EP  - 42
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.allc.20230803.12
    AB  - The research is aimed to describe the phenomenon of conflicting linguistic evidence in the interpretation of directing linguistic issues and provide an explanation for the reasons for their existence in linguistic studies. The research has followed the descriptive analytical approach by looking at the books of linguists and how they employ the guides, and the description of the weighting mechanism between the conflicting evidence, and the analysis of those manifestations, to try to explain this phenomenon and reveal the factors affecting it this paper has come to several conclusions, the most important of which is that the conflict between linguistic evidence is the outcome of the difference in the exploration of the two dimensions of the original and classification of linguistic evidence. The linguistic evidence in which the conflict occurs can be limited to three sections, namely: evidence of linguistic origins, exploration of linguistic guidance, and evidence of linguistic provisions, and that any evidence is used as a restriction to adjust the provisions in matters. The research also found that the most prominent reasons for the existence of the phenomenon of conflicting linguistic evidence revolve around several factors, the most important of which are: The difference between theory and practice considering the incomplete induction on which the rules are based, the difference between dialects and its impact on employing conflicting linguistic evidence to explain these differences, in addition to the multiplicity of Quranic readings and their impact on employing conflicting linguistic evidence to explain these differences. In addition, linguistic dictionaries contributed to the emergence of contradictory evidence by combining the statements of different linguists in the same issue.
    
    VL  - 8
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Author Information
  • Arabic Emirati Studies Department, Higher Colleges of Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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