Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 72-76
Nazik Al-Malaika: The Poetess of Common People
Mohammed Raysul Hoque, Department of Arabic, Anwarul Ulum Senior Madrassa, Karimganj, India
Received: Oct. 1, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 29, 2019;       Published: Dec. 10, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.allc.20190404.12      View  102      Downloads  46
Abstract
Al-Malaika was born in Baghdad to a cultured family. Her mother was also a poetess and her father was a teacher as well as a writer. Nazik Al-Malaika (23 August 1923 – 20 June 2007) was an Iraqi female poetess and is considered by many to be one of the most influential contemporary Iraqi female poets and her poetic attitude depict her as a poetess of common people. Al-Malaika is famous as the first Arabic poet to use free verse system of poetry. She wrote her first poem at the age of mere 10only. Al-Malaika completed a master's degree in comparative literature from the University of Wisconsin–Madison with a Degree of Excellence. She entered the Institute of Fine Arts and graduated from the Department of Music in 1949. She was appointed as professor at the University of Baghdad, the University of Basrah, and Kuwait University respectively. Al-Malaika left Iraq in 1970 with her husband Abdel Hadi Mahbooba and family, following the rise of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party of Iraq to power. She lived in Kuwait until Saddam Hussein's invasion in 1990. Al-Malaika and her family left for Cairo, where she lived for the rest of her life. Naziks poetry primly illustrated the issues of common folks. Towards the end of her life, Al-Malaika suffered from a number of health issues, including Parkinson's disease. She died in Cairo in 2007 at the age of 83. Al-Malaika published several books of poems like; ‘and the sea changes its color’ in 1970, and "The Night's Lover".
Keywords
Al-Malaika, Poetess, Common People, Free Verse, Arabic Language, Literature, Iraq
To cite this article
Mohammed Raysul Hoque, Nazik Al-Malaika: The Poetess of Common People, Arabic Language, Literature & Culture. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 72-76. doi: 10.11648/j.allc.20190404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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