Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 51-63
Ethnoarchaeological Investigation of Affa in Udi local Government Area of Enugu
Ajoma Simon Okwoche, Department of Archaeology and Tourism, Faculty of Art, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
Emeka Emmanuel Okonkwo, Department of Archaeology and Tourism, Faculty of Art, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
Inyabri Samuel Atam, Department of Archaeology and Tourism, Faculty of Art, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
Tawo Alfrd Oyong, Department of Archaeology and Tourism, Faculty of Art, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
Onah Gabriel, Cross River State Carnival Commission, Calabar, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 30, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 22, 2020;       Published: Dec. 31, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.allc.20200504.12      View  36      Downloads  14
Abstract
In the past, many archaeological researchers have targeted on unearthing the earliest origin of this technological know-how in the continent of Africa and its diversification or diffusion to different parts of the continent. Many of such researches have taken place in the Nsukka vicinity of Enugu, Nigeria. Some of the communities in the Nsukka subculture location have traces of this earliest technological know-how in their environment with little or no sizable answer to their origin. To this regard, this study is aimed at; studying one of the earliest technologies of Africans in this phase of Nigeria, conduct a reconnaissance and ethnographic research in Affa community, excavate an iron smelting web site in the community, decide the starting place of the humans and that of the iron smelting, and determine the cultural correlate of the extinct and extant societies of Affa. Ethnoarchaeology studies are useful to archaeology because it helps to draw analogy between the past and the present. The archaeologist uses ethnography to reconstruct past human culture by detailed study of the technology (tools), behaviour and environment of present day people in order to properly understand and reconstruct artifacts, eco-facts and features recovered from excavation. The study reveals that they were iron smelters.
Keywords
Excavation, Potsherd, Cultural Materials, Stratigraphy Level
To cite this article
Ajoma Simon Okwoche, Emeka Emmanuel Okonkwo, Inyabri Samuel Atam, Tawo Alfrd Oyong, Onah Gabriel, Ethnoarchaeological Investigation of Affa in Udi local Government Area of Enugu, Arabic Language, Literature & Culture. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 51-63. doi: 10.11648/j.allc.20200504.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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